Pancha means five. Maha means great. Purusha means the almighty who is glorious, powerful, wealthy, honorable, intelligence of the universe etc. In Indian astrology those 5 yoga combinations which make a person a symbol of all the above qualities are known as Pancha maha purusha yogas.
There are the 5 most important planets VIZ the Jupiter, Saturn, Mars, Mercury and Venus which give these yogas in a horoscope when they are in a quadrant from the ascendant or the Moon and also in their own houses or the houses of their exaltations. This give three places each for the 4 planets excluding Mercury which has exaltation in his own house Virgo.
Jupiter is the owner of Sagittarius and Pisces and is exalted in cancer. Saturn owns Capricorn and Aquarius and is exalted in Libra. Mercury owns Gemini and Virgo and is exalted in Virgo,
Mars owns Aries and Scorpio and is exalted in Capricorn. Venus owns Taurus and Libra and is exalted in Pisces.
The names of the Maha yogas given by each of these planets are:- Hamsa yoga by Jupiter, Sasa Yoga by Saturn, Ruchaka yoga by Mars, Bhadra yoga of Mercury and Maalavya yoga of Venus.
Qualities bestowed by each planet forming these yogas in a horoscope are:
“ A person with Hamsa yoga will be pure in mind, righteous in disposition, he will possess a handsome body, he will be liked by all and he will have the markings of conch, lotus, fish, flag, or a hooked sphere in the sole of his feet”
“One born with Sasa yoga will be endowed with reliable servants. Some times his character may become questionable. He will be the head of a village or town and even can be a king. He will not hesitate to seize other people’s riches. (He could be a robber or a dacoit chief also”
“A person with Ruchaka yoga will have a strong physique of a warrior, he will be famous for his valor. He will be well versed in the ancient lore of his land and will be a king or equal to a king. (The chief’s of all armed forces come under this category), disciplined, conforming to traditions and customs. He will have a ruddy complexion, charitable disposition despite exterior hardness.
He will be long lived (like field marshal Mane Shaw of India)”
“A person with Bhadra yoga will be a gentleman as the name implies. He will be charitable and help all his relatives and have a good name every where. He will always be the life of a party”
“One with Maalavya yoga will be rich, Strong minds will have good wife and children, endowed Vehicles and other luxuries of life, clean and learned”
Maalavya yoga for different ascendants in a horoscope are:
Taurus, Libra and Pisces – Venus in 1st house
Aries, Scorpio and Virgo- - do- 7th house
Gemini, Leo and Capricorn- -Do- 10th house
Sagittarius, Aquarius and Cancer, -------- -do- 4th house
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